Companies pushing products with added minerals and vitamins can fool people into thinking that they are eating a healthful food when they are notbut its not like those minerals and vitamins are there for no reason. For much of human history, ailments of nutrient scarcity had been the norm, and in some areas of the world, they nevertheless persist. Into the twentieth century, conditions caused by a deficiency of Specific vitamins or minerals Have Been endemic to North America and Europe. Artificially added nutrients may not create a food wholesome, but they avoid some debilitating and sometimes, and sometimes fatal, diseases of malnutrition.
Here are some of those maladies. Scurvy – The illness of pirates: the gray death. Scurvy is caused by a deficiency of vitamin C, whose chemical name, ascorbic acid, comes by the Latin term for scurvy, scorbutus. Although the disease was known since ancient times, it wasn’t a scourge to people who were largely land bound. Although its causes were unknown, many civilizations recognized that eating certain herbs can reverse the symptoms, so long since there was access to fresh food, it was generally kept under control. Scurvy didnt become a substantial problem till the Age of Discovery, when individuals at sea weren’t able to access that needed fresh food for months in a time.
Preserved meats and carbohydrates included no vitamin C, and unlike many animals, the human body is unable to make vitamin C by itself. The early signs of scurvy include spongy gingiva, pain in the joints, and blood stains appearing under the skin. As the illness progressed, the tooth would become loose, extreme halitosis would grow, the affected would become too weak to work or walk, be in too much pain to eat, also might perish mid sentence, frequently from a burst blood vessel. A lot of the first explorers lost great numbers of men to scurvy: Vasco de Gama lost 116 out of 170 men in 1499, also in 1520, Magellan lost 208 from cause of scurvy, in the 230.
Some cause of scurvy, in. Despite not having the ability to identify the exact cause of scurvy, in the eighteenth century, naval doctor James Lind Has Been able to prove, in what’s regarded as the first controlled scientific experiment, this scurvy might be prevented by incorporating citrus fruits like limes and oranges in the diet of sailors. Even though his findings werent widely accepted at first, the British Navy eventually began issuing standard rations of lemon juice, also later, limes, to their sailorswhich gave rise to the word limey in reference to the British.
Nowadays, alm ost caused by diet.